Group learning about sensorineural and conductive hearing loss

Types of Hearing Loss

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Hearing loss falls into one of three major types or categories. 
 

1. SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSS

Sensorineural loss is related to a problem in the inner ear or the pathway between the ears and the brain. It is the most common form of hearing loss in otherwise healthy adults and is the type most commonly treated with hearing aids. Causes include:

  • Age
  • Infection
  • Noise exposure

2. CONDUCTIVE HEARING LOSS

Conductive loss refers to a decrease in sound caused by a problem or obstruction in the outer or middle ear and usually indicates normal inner ear activity. This loss is usually treatable with medical or surgical intervention. Causes include:

  • Wax in the ear canal
  • Perforation of the ear drum
  • Fluid in the middle ear
 

3. MIXED HEARING LOSS

This type of hearing problem occurs when both conductive and sensorineural loss are present. The conductive component may be treated, minimizing hearing loss slightly. But the sensorineural component is permanent.

 

 

It’s all a matter of degree.

Hearing loss ranges from minimal to mild to moderate to severe and profound. Getting treatment for a minimal or mild hearing loss is helpful in preventing your condition from worsening or affecting other areas of your life, such as your relationships, career and brain function.

 

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