Our hearing is a precious commodity. Sounds connect us to other people, memories, and activities we enjoy. Hearing enhances our life and learning experiences. To enjoy all the sounds of your life, properly care for your ears to prevent hearing loss and protect all that your hearing does for you.
Depending on the conditons, hearing loss can happen to anyone who’s exposed to loud noises. For the adolescent and Baby Boomer segments of the population, the most common cause of hearing loss is prolonged, chronic exposure to loud noises. This is called noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL), and it’s permanent.
If you listen to a loud noise for too long, it begins to damage the tiny nerve cells in your inner ear that are responsible for hearing. Ongoing exposure to sounds above 85 dB can cause permanent hearing loss over time. Even a one-time event such as a gunshot or explosion at close proximity can do lasting damage.
The rule of thumb for unprotected ears is that the allowed exposure time decreases by half for each 5 dB increase in the sound. For instance, you can listen to a 90 dB sound for eight hours per day, a 95 dB sound for four hours per day and a 100 dB sound for two hours per day.If you want to learn more about how to protect hearing, this helpful decibel chart is a great tool to better understand hearing loss prevention.
Take a look at these simple yet effective tips to protect your hearing and prevent hearing loss.
Ear wax is important—it keeps our ears protected and moisturized. But when the body produces too much, it can build up, become impacted and prevent sound from entering the ear. Ear blockage from wax is actually one of the most common causes of conductive hearing loss, or hearing loss that occurs when sound is blocked from reaching the inner ear.
The good news? This type of hearing loss is usually temporary; if the impacted ear wax is removed in a timely manner, hearing can normally be restored. However, ear wax left untreated for too long may lead to more permanent hearing loss.
Think your ear wax is out of control? Your doctor can determine if the wax in your ears is normal and perform a simple procedure to clear up any blockage.
You can also treat ear wax buildup at home but ditch the cotton swabs—these tend to push wax deeper into your ear and create buildup near the eardrum. Similarily, avoid ear candling, an alternative medical therapy meaent to remove ear wax that has neither been proven safe or effective. Try this healthier alternative: add a few drops of hydrogen peroxide to a damp cotton ball and apply it to the affected ear. Tilt your head so that the affected ear faces up (this allows the fluid to drip into your ear canal). Wait a few minutes, then tilt your head down so that the fluid and wax can drain out of your ear. Consult your doctor before attempting this or any other method for clearing wax buildup.
If you’ve ever traveled by plane, you’ve probably experienced a “popping” sensation in your ears during takeoff and landing. This phenomenon is commonly known as “airplane ear.”
This effect occurs thanks to our Eustachian tubes, passageways on each side of the head that connect the upper part of the throat to the middle ear. They help drain fluid and equalize air pressure between the nose and ear. As air pressure rapidly builds and drops during flight, our ears feel blocked and it becomes difficult to hear. When our ears “pop,” it’s a sign that the Eustachian tubes are doing their job of equalizing air pressure in the middle ear.
Typically, chewing gum, swallowing and yawning help to open the Eustachian tubes and restore normal hearing. However, flying while congested can create complications that lead to temporary or, in some cases, permanent hearing loss.
Congestion causes swelling to the tissues lining the Eustachian tubes and makes it impossible to equalize air pressure, leading to severe ear pain. When this occurs, your ears won’t pop after landing, and you may have trouble hearing for several days. In more serious cases, the pressure may cause your eardrum to burst.
It’s best to avoid air travel if you have a sinus infection or cold (to not only spare your ears, but your fellow passengers, as well), but if you must fly, you can take steps to protect your hearing and minimize discomfort.
Take a nasal decongestant. These medications help reduce swelling and open the passageway of the Eustachian tube. It’s a good idea to take the decongestant two to three hours before your anticipated flight arrival time so they are most effective during the landing period, when pressure tends to be the most severe.
Keep candy handy. In mild cases, sucking and swallowing sweets may help to open the Eustachian tubes.
Try EarPlanes®. These pressure-regulating ear plugs are designed to reduce discomfort during air travel.
Our oral health can affect other areas of our body—including our ears. Evidence shows warding off cavities may be an important tool in hearing loss prevention. Though a direct link between oral health and hearing health has not yet been established, good hearing health depends on good blood circulation—and that’s where poor oral hygiene can get in the way.
Nerve cells in the inner ear rely on the proper circulation of blood and nutrients to be able to translate noise collected by the outer ear into sound signals for the brain. If you have harmful bacteria in your mouth due to tooth decay or gum disease, the bacteria can enter your bloodstream and cause the blood vessels to narrow and swell, disrupting circulation. Without adequate blood flow, the hair cells become damaged and eventually destroyed. This type of damage is known as sensorineural hearing loss.
To protect your pearly whites, the American Dental Association recommends brushing your teeth for two minutes, two times per day, and flossing at least once per day. You should also visit your dentist regularly to prevent and treat any oral diseases.
Stress in small doses has its advantages, but excessive stress can be crippling to your mental and physical health. Chronic stress saps energy and weakens the immune system, leaving us more prone to all kinds of health issues—ranging from headaches and frequent colds to long-term illnesses such as heart disease.
But how does stress affect hearing? Like oral hygiene, it all traces back to blood circulation. The body’s response to high stress levels triggers an overproduction of adrenaline that can reduce blood flow to the inner ear—or disrupt it completely—and result in sensorineural hearing loss.
Evidence also reveals that tinnitus may increase when we’re under stress. A 2015 study of the relationship between stress and tinnitus found that almost 54% of those with tinnitus developed the condition during a stressful period in their lives—and nearly 53% said their tinnitus increased during stressful periods.
Significant long-term stress often leads to the development of hypertension (high blood pressure), which is another condition linked to hearing loss and tinnitus. Hypertension has been shown to accelerate age-related hearing loss and is a common cause of pulsatile tinnitus, an affliction characterized by a pulsing noise in the ear.
While too much stress can result in hearing damage and tinnitus, living with these conditions may also augment the stress in your life. It’s important to find healthy ways to cope with emotional stress, whether that involves exercising regularly, spending more time in nature or seeking the support of a therapist.
Small changes can have a big impact on the health of your ears. Take action and implement these simple tips to protect your hearing. Watch now.
Many people are at higher risk of hearing loss due to their job or career. Take a look at professions commonly exposed to loud noise and how to protect your hearing to prevent occupational hearing loss.
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